Sugarcane ethanol production in Brazil: An expansion model sensitive to socioeconomic and environmental concerns
Journal article, 2007

Brazilian agriculture is characteristically dynamic; land and production resources have a skewed ownership distribution; and agricultural production is essential for small holders of rural poor regions. Also, the main agricultural land use is composed of pastures where extensive livestock production prevails. Because of increasing demand Brazil is expected to expand its sugarcane-based ethanol production. Addressing concerns about social and environmental impacts of such an expansion requires careful consideration of the complexity of Brazilian agriculture in general and specific local conditions in particular. This perspective outlines an expansion model for sugarcane ethanol production that is sensitive to socioeconomic and environmental concerns. Through integration with the prevailing land use, the model avoids the usual displacement of extensive livestock production to remote regions, causing leakage effects with deforestation and promotes milk and beef cattle intensification and investment opportunities for local society. The expansion model is feasible at current market conditions and should have good prospects for complying with sustainability criteria within various certification schemes presently under development. A case study, developed in the Pontal do Paranapanema region (state of São Paulo, Brazil) illustrates the model in agrarian reform settlements. © 2007 Society of Chemical Industry and John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.







G. Sparovek

University of Sao Paulo (USP)

Göran Berndes

Chalmers, Energy and Environment, Physical Resource Theory

Andrea Egeskog

Chalmers, Energy and Environment, Physical Resource Theory

F.L.M. de Freitas

University of Sao Paulo (USP)

S. Gustafsson


Julia Hansson

Chalmers, Energy and Environment, Physical Resource Theory

Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining

1932-104X (ISSN) 1932-1031 (eISSN)

Vol. 1 4 270-282

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Areas of Advance


Subject Categories

Energy Systems

Environmental Sciences

More information

Latest update