Study of Grating Efficiency of Planar Arrays
Paper in proceedings, 2015
This paper studies the aperture efficiency reduction due to grating lobes of a uniformly excited planar array. The grating lobes will not cause major interference problems in the millimeter wave region, because of the attenuation in the atmosphere, but they cause a reduction of the directivity and thereby aperture efficiency of the antenna. Therefore, we present a simple formula for calculating the aperture efficiency in the presence of grating lobes, from knowledge of the element pattern. The accuracy of the formula is verified by comparing with simulated results for a full array with slot elements.