Multi-Element Aperiodic Array Synthesis by Compressive Sensing
Paper in proceedings, 2015
In recent years, Compressive Sensing has attracted considerable attention in various areas of antennas and electromagnetics, including the synthesis of sparse array antennas. The CS synthesis of arrays achieves higher accuracy than analytical methods and allows for the fast and deterministic design of large complex arrays, without resorting to computationally expensive Global Optimization methods. The CS approach presented here has been previously studied by the authors for the design of maximally sparse arrays in the presence of mutual coupling effects, beam scanning degradation, as well as the imposition of symmetries for design modularity. In this manuscript the authors demonstrate another (yet unexplored) capability of such an approach, i.e., to incorporate different element types and determine their optimum combination in the course of the array synthesis procedure. Numerical examples are illustrated for large arrays comprising uniform circular aperture elements and operating in a SATCOM multi-beam scenario. It is shown that by exploiting this capability it is possible to simultaneously reduce the number of elements and gain scan loss.
multi element type
uniform circular aperture
wide angle scanning