Fungal Glucuronoyl and Feruloyl Esterases for Wood Processing and Phenolic Acid Ester/Sugar Ester Synthesis
Conference poster, 2015
Feruloyl esterases (FAEs, E.C. 22.214.171.124, CAZy family CE1) and glucuronoyl esterases (GEs, E.C. 3.1.1.-, CAZy family CE15) are involved in the degradation of plant biomass by hydrolysing ester linkages in plant cell walls, and thus have potential use in biofuel production from lignocellulosic materials and in biorefinery applications with the aim of developing new wood-based compounds [1, 2]. GEs and FAEs are present in the genomes of a wide range of fungi and bacteria.
Under conditions of low water content, these enzymes can also carry out (trans)esterification reactions, making them promising biocatalysts for the modification of compounds with applications in the food, cosmetic and pharmaceutical industry. Compared to the chemical process, enzymatic synthesis can be carried out under lower process temperatures (50-60°C) and results in fewer side products, thus reducing the environmental impact.
We characterized new FAE and GE enzymes from mesophilic, thermophilic and cold-tolerant filamentous fungi produced in Pichia pastoris. On one hand, we investigated their hydrolytic abilities on various model substrates for potential applications in deconstruction of lignocellulosic materials and extraction of valuable compounds. On the other hand, we tested and optimised the FAEs’ transesterification capabilities on ferulate esters in a 1-butanol-buffer system, with the aim of using the most promising candidates for the production of antioxidant compounds with improved hydrophobic or hydrophilic properties, such as prenyl ferulate, prenyl caffeate, glyceryl ferulate and 5-O-(trans-feruloyl)-arabinofuranose.