Proton-conducting electrolytes for direct methanol and direct urea fuel cells - A state-of-the-art review
Journal article, 2016

This review focuses on the protonicisuperprotonic electrolytes used for application in direct methanol and direct urea/urine fuel cells. Since, methanol has. high energy density, which is essential for portable direct methanol fuel cells, and is simpler to store and transport than conventional hydrogen as fuel. However, methanol is not readily available, which makes waste an attractive option as a fuel source, resulting in the development of direct urea fuel cells. Fuel cells that use waste that contains hydrogen, like waste water or urine, are attractive because of their potential to generate energy from low-cost, abundant sources.

transition

Protonic electrolyte

performance

high-temperature phase

Direct methanol fuel cell

thermal-behavior

superprotonic conductivity

composite electrolyte

doped barium cerate

Proton conductivity

Direct urea fuel cell

alkaline-medium

ionic glasses

hydrogen-production

Author

N. Radenahmad

Universiti Brunei Darussalam

A. Afif

Universiti Brunei Darussalam

P. I. Petra

Universiti Brunei Darussalam

Seikh Mohammad Habibur Rahman

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Energy and Material, Environmental Inorganic Chemistry

Sten Eriksson

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Energy and Material, Environmental Inorganic Chemistry

A. K. Azad

Universiti Brunei Darussalam

Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews

1364-0321 (ISSN)

Vol. 57 1347-1358

Subject Categories

Chemical Engineering

DOI

10.1016/j.rser.2015.12.103

More information

Created

10/7/2017