Proton-conducting electrolytes for direct methanol and direct urea fuel cells - A state-of-the-art review
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2016

This review focuses on the protonicisuperprotonic electrolytes used for application in direct methanol and direct urea/urine fuel cells. Since, methanol has. high energy density, which is essential for portable direct methanol fuel cells, and is simpler to store and transport than conventional hydrogen as fuel. However, methanol is not readily available, which makes waste an attractive option as a fuel source, resulting in the development of direct urea fuel cells. Fuel cells that use waste that contains hydrogen, like waste water or urine, are attractive because of their potential to generate energy from low-cost, abundant sources.


Protonic electrolyte


high-temperature phase

Direct methanol fuel cell


superprotonic conductivity

composite electrolyte

doped barium cerate

Proton conductivity

Direct urea fuel cell


ionic glasses



N. Radenahmad

Universiti Brunei Darussalam

A. Afif

Universiti Brunei Darussalam

P. I. Petra

Universiti Brunei Darussalam

Seikh Mohammad Habibur Rahman

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Energi och material, Oorganisk miljökemi

Sten Eriksson

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Energi och material, Oorganisk miljökemi

A. K. Azad

Universiti Brunei Darussalam

Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews

1364-0321 (ISSN)

Vol. 57 1347-1358