Complete spatiotemporal characterization and optical transfer matrix inversion of a 420 mode fiber
Journal article, 2016

© 2016 Optical Society of America. The ability to measure a scattering medium's optical transfer matrix, the mapping between any spatial input and output, has enabled applications such as imaging to be performed through media which would otherwise be opaque due to scattering. However, the scattering of light occurs not just in space, but also in time. We complete the characterization of scatter by extending optical transfer matrix methods into the time domain, allowing any spatiotemporal input state at one end to be mapped directly to its corresponding spatiotemporal output state. We have measured the optical transfer function of a multimode fiber in its entirety; it consists of 420 modes in/out at 32768 wavelengths, the most detailed complete characterization of multimode waveguide light propagation to date, to the best of our knowledge. We then demonstrate the ability to generate any spatial/polarization state at the output of the fiber at any wavelength, as well as predict the temporal response of any spatial/polarization input state.

Mode dependent loss

Mode division multiplexing

Matrix methods

Optical fields

Scattering media

Image quality


J. Carpenter

University of Queensland

The University of Sydney

B. J. Eggleton

The University of Sydney

Jochen Schröder

Chalmers, Microtechnology and Nanoscience (MC2), Photonics

Optics Letters

0146-9592 (ISSN) 1539-4794 (eISSN)

Vol. 41 23 5580-5583

Areas of Advance

Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Subject Categories


Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics



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