K–Cl–S chemistry in air and oxy-combustion atmospheres
Journal article, 2017

This paper studies the consequences on high temperature corrosion when biomass is co-fired with coal in oxy-fuel combustion, a concept that would enable negative CO2 emissions by combining renewable fuels with CO2 capture. The particular focus of the work is the sulphation of alkali chlorides which is studied by means of experiments and modelling. The melting point of alkali sulphates is higher than for alkali chlorides and a high degree of alkali sulphation is hence a measure to reduce issues related to high-temperature corrosion. In the experiments a propane flame was doped with SO2 and KCl (in solution) in air and oxy-fuel atmospheres. Two alternative measurement principles were applied to quantify potassium sulphation and the paper thereby contributes with a novel experimental approach as well as unique experimental data for turbulent diffusion air and oxy-fuel flames. The degree of sulphation of the injected KCl increases substantially in oxy compared to air combustion conditions, a fact which favours the use of biomass in oxy-combustion. This is mainly due to the increased concentration of SO2 due to flue gas recycling in oxy-combustion, but also chemical effects introduced by the CO2 as well as a small effect resulting from an increased residence time in the combustor.


Alkali metals

High temperature corrosion




Thomas Ekvall

Chalmers, Energy and Environment, Energy Technology

Klas Andersson

Chalmers, Energy and Environment, Energy Technology

Tomas Leffler

Lund University

Vattenfall Research and Development AB

Magnus Berg

Vattenfall Research and Development AB

Proceedings of the Combustion Institute

0082-0784 (ISSN)

Vol. 36 3 4011-4018

Subject Categories

Energy Engineering


Chalmers Power Central



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