Heat pumps and tradable emission permits: On the carbon dioxide emissions of technologies that cross a tradable emission market boundary
Journal article, 2006

Since January 2005, there is a system with tradable emission permits/allowances in the European Union. Currently, power producers and district heating plants are included in the system, but not the residential sector. In this analytical study, it is discussed how a separation between a trading sector, in which power producers are participating and a nontrading residential sector affect carbon dioxide emissions consequences from heat pumps in households. It is concluded that a replacement of heat pumps in the residential sector results in a leakage of emissions. The emission target in the trading sector is partly achieved at the expense of increased emissions in the residential sector.

Carbon dioxide emission

Heat pump

Residential heating


Marcus Eriksson

Industrial Energy Systems and Technologies

Lennart Vamling

Industrial Energy Systems and Technologies

Energy Conversion and Management

0196-8904 (ISSN)

Vol. 47 20 3510-3518

Subject Categories

Energy Engineering

Social Sciences Interdisciplinary



More information