Enhanced strut-and-tie model for reinforced concrete pile caps
Paper in proceeding, 2017

Strut-and-tie models provide a simple and rational way to design discontinuity regions in reinforced concrete structures. However, when it comes to three-dimensional concrete elements such as pile caps, enhancements are needed to ensure a reliable and not overly conservative design. This paper presents an enhanced strut-and-tie model adapted to the analysis and design of reinforced concrete pile caps. The model is based on consistent geometries of three-dimensional nodal zones and struts and integrates a strength criterion for confined bottle-shaped struts. An iterative process is used in order to optimize the position of the members by refining the dimensions of the nodal zones. The model is validated by experimental results from tests on four-pile caps reported in the literature, showing effective predictions of their ultimate capacities. This enhanced strut-and-tie model can lead to safe and less conservative design of pile caps.


pile caps

strut-and-tie model

reinforced concrete


Alexandre Mathern

Chalmers, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Structural Engineering

Gautier Chantelot

Rasmus Rempling

Chalmers, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Structural Engineering

Björn Engström

Chalmers, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Structural Engineering

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Areas of Advance


Building Futures (2010-2018)

Subject Categories

Infrastructure Engineering

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