Multibeam Focal Plane Arrays with Digital Beamforming for High Precision Space-Borne Ocean Remote Sensing
Journal article, 2018

The present-day ocean remote sensing instruments that operate at low microwave frequencies are limited in spatial resolution and do not allow for monitoring of the coastal waters. This is due to the difficulties of employing a large reflector antenna on a satellite platform, and generating high-quality pencil beams at multiple frequencies. Recent advances in digital beamforming focal-plane arrays (FPAs) have been exploited in this paper to overcome the above problems. A holistic design procedure for such novel multibeam radiometers has been developed, where: 1) the antenna system specifications are derived directly from the requirements to oceanographic surveys for future satellite missions and 2) the numbers of FPA elements/receivers are determined through a dedicated optimum beamforming procedure minimizing the distance to coast. This approach has been applied to synthesize FPAs for two alternative radiometer systems: a conical scanner with an offset parabolic reflector and a stationary wide-scan torus reflector system, each operating at C -, X-, and Ku-bands. Numerical results predict excellent beam performance for both systems with as low as 0.14% total received power over the land.

microwave radiometers

Array antennas

reflector antenna feeds

Author

Oleg Iupikov

Chalmers, Electrical Engineering, Kommunikationssystem, informationsteori och antenner, Antennas

Marianna Ivashina

Chalmers, Electrical Engineering, Kommunikationssystem, informationsteori och antenner, Antennas

N. Skou

Technical University of Denmark (DTU)

C. Cappellin

TICRA

Katrine Pontoppidan

TICRA

Cornelis G.M. Van'T Klooster

Technische Universiteit Eindhoven

ESTEC

IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation

0018-926X (ISSN)

Vol. 66 2 737-748 8068265

Subject Categories

Telecommunications

Signal Processing

Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering

DOI

10.1109/TAP.2017.2763174

More information

Latest update

4/3/2018 7