Relation between concentration and shear-extensional rheology properties of xanthan and guar gum solutions
Journal article, 2018

The influence of concentration on the shear and extensional rheology properties of aqueous solutions of xanthan and guar gums was studied in this work. Shear rheology involved small amplitude oscillatory shear (SAOS), flow curves and transient flow, while the extensional rheology was analyzed using hyperbolic contraction flow. In addition, the mechanical properties during solutions manufacture were monitored in situ through the evolution of torque with processing time by mixing rheometry. The results showed that the hydrocolloids exert a great influence on the process rheokinetics and on the resulting rheological response. SAOS tests showed that the xanthan gum solutions behaved as weak gels, whereas guar gum solutions suggest the presence of entanglement and the formation of a viscoelastic, gel-like structure. All the systems exhibited shear-thinning behaviour. Guar gum solutions obeyed the Cox-Merz rule, with some divergence at high rates for the more concentrated solutions, while the Cox-Merz rule was not followed for xanthan gum in the range of concentration studied. The extensional viscosity exhibited an extensional-thinning behaviour within the strain range used and all solutions were characterized by a high Trouton ratio.

polysaccharides solutions

shear thickening


flow behaviour


Jose Enrique Martin Alfonso

University of Huelva

A. A. Cuadri

University of Huelva

Marco Berta

RISE Research Institutes of Sweden

Mats Stading

Chalmers, Industrial and Materials Science, Engineering Materials

RISE Research Institutes of Sweden

Carbohydrate Polymers

0144-8617 (ISSN)

Vol. 181 1 63-70

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Subject Categories

Polymer Technologies

Textile, Rubber and Polymeric Materials

Areas of Advance

Materials Science



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