PARTIALLY-AVERAGED NAVIER- STOKES SIMULATIONS IN ENGINEERING FLOWS
Paper in proceedings, 2018
This paper presents the most recent applications of the Partially-Averaged Navier-Stokes equations for engineering flows together with the review of the previous work in the field. Partially-Averaged Navier Stokes (PANS) simulation has been successfully used for several different applications of flows around ground vehicles. Examples of flows studied using PANS are that of the flow around square-back Ahmed body, flow around simplified passenger vehicle influenced by crosswinds, flow around simplified intercity trains, to the influence of passive and active flow control on the reduction of the aerodynamic drag on simplified vehicles. The idea of the application of hybrid methods such as PANS is to decrease the resolution requirements that are needed in turbulence resolving simulations such as LES. The resolution requirements of LES are normally very high in the near-wall regions, and this is where the PANS method is expected to activate more turbulence modelling, and thereby decrease the computational effort. The PANS method used by the authors is based on the variable switching coefficient that regulates the amount of the turbulence modelling in the simulation. Previous studies have shown that such implementation of PANS is in line with the requirements that PANS should adapt to the computational grid. The most recent predictions range from simplified ground vehicle flow, flow around a freight train locomotive to the investigation of active flow control for trucks and ships. The new predictions show good agreement with the experimental observations.