Numerical studies of turbulent particle-laden jets using spatial approach of one-dimensional turbulence
Paper in proceedings, 2017
To challenge one of the major problems for multiphase flow simulations, namely computational costs, a dimension reduced model is used with the goal to predict these types of flow more efficiently. One-dimensional turbulence (ODT) is a stochastic model simulating turbulent flow evolution along a notional one-dimensional line of sight by applying instantaneous maps that represent the effect of individual turbulent eddies on property fields. As the particle volume fraction is in an intermediate range above 10(-5) for dilute flows and under 10(-2) for dense ones, turbulence modulation is important and can be sufficiently resolved with a two-way coupling approach, which means the particle phase influences the fluid phase and vice versa. For the coupling mechanism the ODT multiphase model is extended to consider momentum transfer and energy in the deterministic evolution and momentum transfer during the particle-eddy interaction. The changes of the streamwise velocity profiles caused by different solid particle loadings are compared with experimental data as a function of radial position. Additionally, streamwise developments of axial RMS and mean gas velocities along the centerline are evaluated as functions of axial position. To achieve comparable results, the spatial approach of ODT in cylindrical coordinates is used here. The investigated jet configuration features a nozzle diameter of 14.22 cm and a Reynolds number of 8400, which leads to a centerline inlet velocity of 11.7 m/s. The particles used are glass beads with a density of 2500 kg/m(3). Two different particle diameters (25 and 70 mu m) were tested for an evaluation of the models capability to capture the impact of a varying Stokes number and also two different particle solid loadings (0.5 and 1.0) were evaluated. It is shown that the model is capable of capturing turbulence modulation of particles in a round jet.