Validation of a novel model for the compressive response of FRP: experiments with different fibre orientations
Paper in proceedings, 2017
Crush tests have been performed on flat unidirectional non-crimp fabric (NCF) coupons with different fibre orientations as part of the validation of a ply-based damage model for crash. The fibre off-axis angle with respect to the crushing direction ranged from 0º to 90°. The results of the tests indicate that the crush stress remains unchanged for off-axis angles between 0° and 15°. The failure mode in these specimens was out-of-plane kinking. For 20° and 25° off-axis angles the crush stress dropped 20% and evidence of out-of-plane kinking were harder to find. For 45° off-axis angle a network of matrix cracks develops in the specimen and for 90° off-axis angle a brittle shear failure is observed. It is suggested that the out-of-plane kinking is promoted because of the natural waviness of NCF materials and that the high in-plane shear stress generated from 20-25° off-axis loading results in a transition from out-of-plane kinking to in-plane kinking. These hypotheses need, however, to be verified by an extended failure analysis of the crush specimens.