Self-calibration algorithms for microwave hyperthermia antenna arrays
Paper in proceedings, 2018
In deep microwave hyperthermia (MW-HT), antenna arrays are used to generate an interference pattern which focuses energy in the tumor location. These arrays are subject to a number of disturbances which must be compensated for through calibration. This paper proposes and analyzes a pair of self-calibration algorithms, i.e. calibration procedures which rely only on S-matrix measurements of the N-port array applicator device, avoiding the need for external references and making real-time in-treatment calibration possible. Two algorithms are analyzed by means of simulations and experiments in terms of reliability and sensitivity to different kinds of disturbances. The results show that one of two implemented algorithms can converge to the same calibration values obtained when using an external calibration reference (monopole antenna).