Effects of coupling and overspeeding on performance of predictor antenna systems in wireless moving relays
Journal article, 2019
Using predictor antenna systems for modern wireless moving relays and base stations on top of vehicles such as buses, trains etc. proves to be a reliable approach for collecting channel state information to such fast moving nodes. Recently, it has been shown that coupling between different ports of a multiport antenna system used as a part of a predictor system can reduce the prediction performance. In this study, by integrating position and velocity vectors in the channel covariance matrix as seen at the antenna ports in a rich multipath environment, the authors quantify the impact of antenna coupling on prediction performance. Moreover, practically these predictor systems are designed for a certain target velocity. They further quantify the adverse effect of velocities, different from the target velocity, on prediction performance. In case open-circuit decoupling is necessary, the sensitivity of the predictor antenna system performance with respect to the accuracy of the input network parameters is disclosed.