Discrepancies between intended and actual use in Activity-based Flexible Offices - A literature review.
Paper in proceedings, 2017

The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the literature addressing A-FOs, with a focus on use patterns and work conditions. The findings show that A-FOs are not always used as intended: territorial behaviours and nesting habits were recurrent in several studies. In this regard, understanding employees’ job characteristics is essential for optimal configuration of A-FOs, e.g. the type, attributes and number of workspaces. Additionally, employees´ needs, spatial factors and implementation processes require special attention in order to provide supportive office environments.

use patterns

Activity-Based Flexible Offices

work conditions


literature review

office layout

flexible workspace

office design


Antonio Cobaleda Cordero

Chalmers, Product and Production Development, Design and Human Factors

Maral Babapour Chafi

Chalmers, Product and Production Development, Design and Human Factors

NES 2017
Lund, Sweden,

Working Lab as a Demonstrator for Future Office Working Environment

Formas, 2016-07-01 -- 2018-12-31.

Subject Categories

Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics

Work Sciences

Reliability and Maintenance

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

More information


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