Design Optimization of Torsional Vibration Absorbers for Heavy-Duty Truck Drivetrain Systems
Journal article, 2019
In this paper, the feasibility of the application of a dual mass flywheel (DMF) for heavy-duty truck drivetrain systems was studied. The third engine order vibration harmonic was in the focus of analysis as one of the most significant contributions to the oscillatory response in the drivetrain systems of heavy-duty trucks. Global sensitivity analysis (GSA) and Pareto optimization were used for designing torsional vibration absorbers in an operating engine speed range of 600–2000 rpm. The optimization method attempted both to minimize the oscillations of the torque at the transmission input shaft and to maximize the energy efficiency of the vibration absorber. The GSA enabled the appropriate scanning of the domain of design parameters by varying all the parameters at the same time. It provided deep insight into the design process and increased the computational efficiency of the optimization. The results obtained show the following: the solution of the bi-objective optimization problem for torsional vibration absorbers does exist; Pareto fronts were obtained and analyzed for the DMF, presenting a trade-off between the measure of the attenuation of the oscillations of the torque at the transmission input shaft and the measure of the energy efficiency of the absorber; the optimized mass inertia, stiffness and damping parameters of a DMF do exist, providing the best attenuation of the torque oscillations; the performance of a DMF was further enhanced by incorporating a torsional tuned mass damper with appropriate optimized parameters. Finally, the results show evidence of the feasibility of the application of dual mass flywheels in heavy-duty truck drivetrain systems.
tuned mass damper
torsional vibration absorber
dual mass flywheel
global sensitivity analysis
drivetrain system of a heavy-duty truck