3D Simulations of Intracerebral Hemorrhage Detection Using Broadband Microwave Technology
Journal article, 2019

Early, preferably prehospital, detection of intracranial bleeding after trauma or stroke would dramatically improve the acute care of these large patient groups. In this paper, we use simulated microwave transmission data to investigate the performance of a machine learning classification algorithm based on subspace distances for the detection of intracranial bleeding. A computational model, consisting of realistic human head models of patients with bleeding, as well as healthy subjects, was inserted in an antenna array model. The Finite-Difference Time-Domain (FDTD) method was then used to generate simulated transmission coefficients between all possible combinations of antenna pairs. These transmission data were used both to train and evaluate the performance of the classification algorithm and to investigate its ability to distinguish patients with versus without intracranial bleeding. We studied how classification results were affected by the number of healthy subjects and patients used to train the algorithm, and in particular, we were interested in investigating how many samples were needed in the training dataset to obtain classification results better than chance. Our results indicated that at least 200 subjects, i.e., 100 each of the healthy subjects and bleeding patients, were needed to obtain classification results consistently better than chance (p < 0.05 using Student's t-test). The results also showed that classification results improved with the number of subjects in the training data. With a sample size that approached 1000 subjects, classifications results characterized as area under the receiver operating curve (AUC) approached 1.0, indicating very high sensitivity and specificity.

microwave technology

intracranial hemorrhage

FDTD modeling

stroke

subspace classifier

machine learning

Author

Andreas Fhager

Sahlgrenska University Hospital

Chalmers, Electrical Engineering, Signalbehandling och medicinsk teknik, Biomedical Electromagnetics

Stefan Candefjord

Sahlgrenska University Hospital

Chalmers, Electrical Engineering, Signalbehandling och medicinsk teknik, Biomedical Electromagnetics

Mikael Elam

Sahlgrenska University Hospital

Mikael Persson

Sahlgrenska University Hospital

Chalmers, Electrical Engineering, Signalbehandling och medicinsk teknik

Sensors

1424-8220 (ISSN) 1424-3210 (eISSN)

Vol. 19 16

Subject Categories

Medical Laboratory and Measurements Technologies

Other Medical Engineering

Biomedical Laboratory Science/Technology

DOI

10.3390/s19163482

PubMed

31395840

More information

Latest update

11/10/2019