Mooring forces in a floating point-absorbing WEC system – a comparison between full-scale measurements and numerical simulations
Paper in proceedings, 2019
Functional elastic mooring system designs for floating point-absorbing wave energy converters (WECs) are important for WEC power capture and the durability and reliability of its mooring system. This study presents results from an investigation of Waves4Power’s WaveEL 3.0 WEC, which was used as a reference for full-scale mooring line force measurements. The unique elastic mooring system of this WEC has three mooring legs, wherein each leg is divided into two mooring lines with an intermediate submerged floater. The mooring forces and buoy motions were continuously measured in a measurement campaign between June and November 2017 at an installation location off the coast of Runde in Norway.
A numerical simulation model of the full-scale installation was developed in the DNV GL software SESAM. The sea state conditions were not measured during the measurement campaign. A methodology was developed that used the recorded motion data to compute the sea state conditions (significant wave height, wave period, wave directionality) at the test site. The simulated WEC motions based on the computed sea states agreed very well with the measured WEC motions. The measured and simulated mooring forces were compared under various environmental conditions. Although 3-hour sea state realizations are typically preferred in numerical simulations, influences from the tide at the test site showed that sea states were normally stationary for only 1-2 hours. The measured and simulated average mooring forces agreed very well during 1-hour periods, whereas the simulations overestimated the mooring forces in 3-hour periods because of the tide. Finally, the results were discussed with regard to uncertainties in general and the prediction capacity of the numerical model.
wave energy converter