A Computationally Efficient Progress Variable Approach for In-Cylinder Combustion and Emissions Simulations
Journal article, 2019
The use of complex reaction schemes is accompanied by high computational cost in 3D CFD simulations but is particularly important to predict pollutant emissions in internal combustion engine simulations. One solution to tackle this problem is to solve the chemistry prior the CFD run and store the chemistry information in look-up tables. The approach presented combines pre-tabulated progress variable-based source terms for auto-ignition as well as soot and NOx source terms for emission predictions. The method is coupled to the 3D CFD code CONVERGE v2.4 via user-coding and tested over various speed and load passenger-car Diesel engine conditions. This work includes the comparison between the combustion progress variable (CPV) model and the online chemistry solver in CONVERGE 2.4. Both models are compared by means of combustion and emission parameters. A detailed n-decane/α-methyl-naphthalene mechanism, comprising 189 species, is used for both online and tabulated chemistry simulations. The two chemistry solvers show very good agreement between each other and equally predict trends derived experimentally by means of engine performance parameters as well as soot and NOx engine-out emissions. The CPV model shows a factor 8 speed-up in run-time compared to the online chemistry solver without compromising the accuracy of the solution.