Moving model test of the smoke movement characteristics of an on-fire subway train running through a tunnel
Journal article, 2020

A moving model test was carried out to investigate the associated smoke movement characteristics when a subway train on fire runs in a tunnel. Train models of the 1/10 and 1/15 scales were used. The spatial distributions of airflow velocity and smoke concentration were then analyzed, and the differences between moving fire sources and stationary fire sources were discussed. The results show that the smoke movement characteristics of a stationary fire source were greatly different from those of a moving one. Specifically, the smoke movement for the moving fire source was dominated by piston wind. Moreover, the process of the smoke spread could be divided into three stages, during which time the flow direction changed. The peak smoke concentration value occurred after the train tail passed by the measuring point. Besides, the impacts of train speed (60 km/h, 80 km/h, 100 km/h, and 120 km/h) and blockage ratio (0.19 and 0.43) on airflow velocity and smoke concentration were also investigated. With increasing train velocity, the airflow velocity increased, and the smoke concentration decreased. The maximum airflow velocity was approximately linear with the train velocity. Furthermore, the increasing blockage ratio enhanced the piston effect in the tunnel, thus increasing the airflow velocity and reducing the smoke concentration.

Smoke movement

Subway tunnel

Moving model test

Moving fire source

Piston effect

Author

Zhe Wang

National & Local Joint Engineering Research Center of Safety Technology for Rail Vehicle

Joint International Research Laboratory of Key Technology for Rail Traffic Safety

Central South University

Dan Zhou

National & Local Joint Engineering Research Center of Safety Technology for Rail Vehicle

Central South University

Joint International Research Laboratory of Key Technology for Rail Traffic Safety

Sinisa Krajnovic

Chalmers, Mechanics and Maritime Sciences, Fluid Dynamics

Hongkang Liu

Central South University

Joint International Research Laboratory of Key Technology for Rail Traffic Safety

National & Local Joint Engineering Research Center of Safety Technology for Rail Vehicle

Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology

0886-7798 (ISSN)

Vol. 96 103211

Subject Categories

Mechanical Engineering

Civil Engineering

DOI

10.1016/j.tust.2019.103211

More information

Latest update

3/24/2021