Stability of an electric vehicle with permanent-magnet in-wheel motors during electrical faults
Journal article, 2007
This paper presents an analysis of the stability of an electric vehicle equipped with in-wheel motors of
permanent-magnet type during a class of electrical faults. Due to the constant excitation from the permanent
magnets, the output torque from a faulted wheel cannot easily be removed if an inverter shuts down, which directly
affects the vehicle stability. In this paper, the impact of an electrical fault during two driving scenarios is
investigated by simulations; using parameters from a 30 kW in-wheel motor and experimentally obtained tire data.
It is shown that the electrical fault risks to seriously degrading the vehicle stability if the correct counteraction is
not taken quickly. However, it is also demonstrated that vehicle stability during an electrical fault can be maintained
with only minor lateral displacements when a closed-loop path controller and a simple method to allocate the
individual tire forces are used. This inherent capacity to handle an important class of electrical faults is attractive;
especially since no additional fault-handling strategy or hardware is needed.