Personal comfort systems: A review on comfort, energy, and economics
Review article, 2020

Conventional heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems are designed to condition the entire building volume. In contrast, Personal Comfort Systems (PCS) target conditioning only the occupied zones of the space, while maintaining the remaining volume at a relatively under-conditioned state. PCS offer the occupants the choice of modulating their immediate thermal ambience with local controls. The individual-level control helps in improving the subjective thermal and air quality acceptability with the desired thermal sensation. This review paper details on the various types of heating, cooling, ventilation, heating with ventilation, and cooling with ventilation PCS devices. It summarises the thermal ambience created by the respective PCS devices and the resultant subjective responses of the occupants. This review also identifies the energy saving potential of various kinds of PCS devices, the power use of PCS devices, and discusses their economic viability.

Air quality

Personal comfort systems


Energy efficiency

Thermal comfort


Rajan Rawal

CEPT University

Marcel Schweiker

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)

Ongun Berk Kazanci

Technical University of Denmark (DTU)

Vishnu Vardhan

CEPT University

Quan Jin

Chalmers, Architecture and Civil Engineering, Building Technology

Lin Duanmu

Dalian University of Technology

Energy and Buildings

0378-7788 (ISSN)

Vol. 214 109858

Occupant well-being and productivity in sustainable office buildings: A multidisciplinary study on the key factors of indoor environmental quality

Formas (FR-2018/0010), 2019-01-01 -- 2021-12-31.

Subject Categories

Civil Engineering

Building Technologies



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