Analysis and Design of a Doherty-Like RF-Input Load Modulated Balanced Amplifier
Journal article, 2018
This paper presents an analysis and design technique for an RF-input load modulated balanced amplifer (LMBA) with Doherty-like effciency enhancement characteristics. The LMBA is a recently introduced power amplifer (PA) architecture in which a control signal is injected into the isolation port of the output coupler of a balanced amplifer. This control signal modulates the apparent load impedance of the two main devices. In the RF-input LMBA presented in this paper, the control signal is generated from the single-modulated RF input using a class-C control amplifir, producing an overall Doherty-like response. A complete theoretical analysis of the RF-input LMBA is presented, by assuming generalized networks for the output combiner and input splitter which are then solved in terms of transistor parameters and boundary conditions for high effiiency. Based on this analysis, a generalized design technique is presented. The LMBA is, thereby, shown to have advantages over the Doherty PA, including the device periphery scaling between the main and control devices for a given back-off range. The design technique is demonstrated at 2.4 GHz using packaged GaN devices. The prototype has a peak CW output power of 45.6 dBm, with a power-added effciency of 60% at peak power and 50% at 6-dB output back-off, including the power dissipated by the control PA. A long-term evolution signal at 2.4 GHz with a 7.5-dB peak-to-average power ratio is demonstrated with an unlinearized ACLR of -27 dBc and an average drain eff ciency of 47% for a 38-dBm average output power.
Balanced amplif er
power amplifi r (PA)