The effect of reducing the underbody clearance on the aerodynamics of a high-speed train
Journal article, 2020

The effect of lowering the ground clearance, on train aerodynamics is investigated using IDDES. The high speed train geometry with its full underbody complexity is used in the investigation. The clearance is reduced by installing extra panels on the track. The numerical results are verified and validated by a grid independence study and experimental data. This work shows that, when lowered the clearance, the underbody velocity at the head car decreases, while the underbody velocity at the middle and tail car increases. The reduced clearance barely affects the time-averaged slipstream at 3 ​m away from the center of track. However, at a closer distance to the train body, the difference in velocity is observed to reach up to 50% between the two clearance configurations and the clearance has an opposite effect on the trackside and platform slipstream. Based on the analysis of ensemble-averaged slipstream, lowering the underbody clearance, the characteristic air speed at the trackside and platform height increases by 2.0% and 6.7%, respectively. The total drag is almost unaffected by the clearance, but the changed distribution of the drag indicates a larger drag depends on the bogie structure if longer grouped train is used. The total lift decreases 25.9% after the clearance is reduced. Specifically, 4.1% of the negative lift is increased at the head car, while the positive lift decreases 92.7% and 1.8% for the middle and tail car, respectively. Overall it is shown that reducing the underbody clearance barely affect the slipstream at standard positions, but affects more aerodynamic loads of the train.

Slipstream

Clearance

Aerodynamics

Underbody flow

High speed train

IDDES

Ground effect

Author

Tianyun Dong

Central South University

National & Local Joint Engineering Research Center of Safety Technology for Rail Vehicle

Guglielmo Minelli

Chalmers, Mechanics and Maritime Sciences, Fluid Dynamics

Jiabin Wang

National & Local Joint Engineering Research Center of Safety Technology for Rail Vehicle

Central South University

Xifeng Liang

National & Local Joint Engineering Research Center of Safety Technology for Rail Vehicle

Central South University

Sinisa Krajnovic

Chalmers, Mechanics and Maritime Sciences, Fluid Dynamics

Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics

0167-6105 (ISSN)

Vol. 204 104249

Subject Categories

Sport and Fitness Sciences

Physiology

Vehicle Engineering

DOI

10.1016/j.jweia.2020.104249

More information

Latest update

8/20/2020