A value chain analysis of a seaport from the perspective of Industry 4.0
Review article, 2020

The main aim of this study is to reveal the role and contribution of Industry 4.0 in the value chain of seaports. It first reviews the literature to identify value chain activities in the port industry. It then explores the Industry 4.0 applications utilised by ports through content analysis of the websites of ten major innovative seaports. Seven main technological characteristics of Industry 4.0, namely digitalisation, autonomisation, transparency, mobility, modularisation, network-collaboration and socialising, are used as the main research main categories. The findings show that ports engage with Industry 4.0 in four different modules namely port community systems, cyber-physical systems, internet of things and big data. These four modules enable ports to achieve cost leadership advantages in their quest for competitiveness. To achieve differentiation, on the other hand, they need to increase connectivity with customers and stakeholders through communication channels such as social media.

competitive advantage


value chain



Sedat Bastug

─░skenderun Technical University

Gamze Arabelen

Dokuz Eylul University

Ceren Altuntas Vural

Chalmers, Technology Management and Economics, Service Management and Logistics

Durmus Ali Deveci

Dokuz Eylul University

International Journal of Shipping and Transport Logistics

1756-6517 (ISSN) 1756-6525 (eISSN)

Vol. 12 4 367-397

Subject Categories

Other Mechanical Engineering

Economic Geography

Media Engineering



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