Effect of selective laser heat treatment on geometrical variation in boron steel components: An experimental investigation
Journal article, 2021

Selective laser heat treatment is a well-known process for its ability to produce tailor heat treated blanks (THTB). Specifically, ultra high strength boron steels with tailored material properties can be produced. However, this process generates unwanted distortion and influences geometrical variation. This in turn can affect functionality, aesthetics, and performance of the final product. Understanding the effects on geometrical variation in the final product or the assembly will enable in designing and producing geometry assured products. In this paper, boron steel blanks were selectively laser heat treated with a specific heat treatment pattern and laser heating direction sequence. These heat treated blanks were then cold formed. Further on, spot welding simulation of the cold formed parts was performed to assess the effect on geometrical variation at the assembly level. The results show that the effect of selective laser heat treatment on geometrical variation at part level propagates further to the assembly level. It implies that the effect on geometrical variation should be minimized at part level, when the blanks are laser heat treated. Hence, the sources that influence geometrical variation at part level when employing selective laser heat treatment are presented and discussed. The motivation and possibilities to minimize the effects in the early design concept stages is provided.

boron steels

geometry assurance

tailor heat treated blanks

Selective laser heat treatment

geometrical variation

Author

Vaishak Ramesh Sagar

Chalmers, Industrial and Materials Science, Product Development

Kristina Wärmefjord

Chalmers, Industrial and Materials Science, Product Development

Rikard Söderberg

Chalmers, Industrial and Materials Science

Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture

0954-4054 (ISSN)

Vol. 235 1-2 54-64

Subject Categories

Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics

Energy Engineering

Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology

DOI

10.1177/0954405420949759

More information

Latest update

1/5/2021 9