Characterizing the radio continuum nature of sources in the massive star-forming region W75N (B)
Journal article, 2020

The massive star-forming region W75N (B) is thought to host a cluster of massive protostars (VLA 1, VLA 2, and VLA 3) undergoing different evolutionary stages. In this work, we present radio continuum data with the highest sensitivity and angular resolution obtained to date in this region, using the VLA-A and covering a wide range of frequencies (4-48 GHz), which allowed us to study the morphology and the nature of the emission of the different radio continuum sources. We also performed complementary studies with multi-epoch Very Large Array (VLA) data and Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) archive data at 1.3 mm wavelength. We find that VLA 1 is driving a thermal radio jet at scales of approximate to 0.1 arcsec (approximate to 130 au), but also shows signs of an incipient hypercompact HII region at scales of less than or similar to 1 arcsec (less than or similar to 1300 au). VLA 3 is also driving a thermal radio jet at scales of a few tenths of arcsec (few hundred of au). We conclude that this jet is shock exciting the radio continuum sources Bc and VLA 4 (obscured Herbig-Haro objects), which show proper motions moving outward from VLA 3 at velocities of approximate to 112-118 km s(-1). We have also detected three new weak radio continuum sources, two of them associated with millimetre continuum cores observed with ALMA, suggesting that these two sources are also embedded young stellar objects in this massive star-forming region.

ISM: jets and outflows

stars: protostars

HII regions

radio continuum: ISM

Herbig-Haro objects

stars: massive

Author

A. Rodriguez-Kamenetzky

Instituto de Astronomía Teórica y Experimental (IATE)

C. Carrasco-Gonzalez

Radio Astronomy and Astrophysics Institute, UNAM

J. M. Torrelles

Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)

Institute of Space Studies of Catalonia (IEEC)

Wouter Vlemmings

Chalmers, Space, Earth and Environment, Astronomy and Plasmaphysics, Galactic Astrophysics

L. F. Rodriguez

Radio Astronomy and Astrophysics Institute, UNAM

G. Surcis

INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Cagliari

J. F. Gomez

Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)

J. Canto

Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico

C. Goddi

Radboud University

Leiden University

J. S. Kim

Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute

S-W Kim

Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute

N. Anez-Lopez

Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)

Institute of Space Studies of Catalonia (IEEC)

S. Curiel

Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico

H. J. van Langevelde

Joint Institute for VLBI in Europe (JIVE)

Leiden University

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

0035-8711 (ISSN) 1365-2966 (eISSN)

Vol. 496 3 3128-3141

Subject Categories

Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology

Geophysics

Geosciences, Multidisciplinary

DOI

10.1093/mnras/staa1742

More information

Latest update

11/5/2020