HighwayNoC: Approaching Ideal NoC Performance With Dual Data Rate Routers
Journal article, 2021

This paper describes HighwayNoC,, a Network-on-chip (NoC) that approaches ideal network performance using a Dual Data Rate (DDR) datapath. Based on the observation that routers datapath is faster than control, a DDR NoC allows flits to be routed at DDR improving throughput to rates defined solely by the datapath, rather than by the control. DDR NoCs can use pipeline bypassing to reduce packet latency at low traffic load. However, existing DDR routers offer bypassing only on in-network, non-turning hops to simplify the required logic. HighwayNoC, extends bypassing support of DDR routers to local ports, allowing flits to enter and exit the network faster. Moreover, it simplifies the DDR switch allocation and the interface of router ports reducing power and area costs. Post place and route results in 28 nm technology show that HighwayNoC, performs better than current state of the art NoCs. Compared to previous DDR NoCs, HighwayNoC, reduces average packet latency by 7.3-27% and power consumption by 1-10%, without affecting throughput. Compared to existing Single Data Rate NoCs, HighwayNoC, achieves 17-22% higher throughput, has similar or up to 13.8% lower packet latency, and mixed energy efficiency results.

Resource management


dual data rate

interconnection networks

Traffic control

router architecture





Network on chip (NoC)


Ahsen Ejaz

Chalmers, Computer Science and Engineering (Chalmers), Computer Engineering (Chalmers)

Vasileios Papaefstathiou

Institute of Computer Science Crete

Ioannis Sourdis

Chalmers, Computer Science and Engineering (Chalmers), Computer Engineering (Chalmers)

IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking

1063-6692 (ISSN) 15582566 (eISSN)

Vol. 29 1 318-331 9253581

Subject Categories

Computer Engineering



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