An overview of grid-edge control with the digital transformation
Journal article, 2021

Distribution networks are evolving to become more responsive with increasing integration of distributed energy resources (DERs) and digital transformation at the grid edges. This evolution imposes many challenges to the operation of the network, which then calls for new control and operation paradigms. Among others, a so-called grid-edge control is emerging to harmonise the coexistence of the grid control system and DER’s autonomous control. This paper provides a comprehensive overview of the grid-edge control with various control architectures, layers, and strategies. The challenges and opportunities for such an approach at the grid edge with the integration of DERs and digital transformation are summarised. The potential solutions to support the network operation by using the inherent controllability of DER and the availability of the digital transformation at the grid edges are discussed.

Power quality

Grid-edge control

Real-time simulations

Distributed energy resources



Tam T. Mai

Eindhoven University of Technology

Phuong H. Nguyen

Eindhoven University of Technology

Quoc Tuan Tran

The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA)

Alessia Cagnano

Polytechnic University of Bari

Giovanni De Carne

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)

Yassine Amirat

L@bISEN Yncréa Ouest

Anh Tuan Le

Chalmers, Electrical Engineering, Electric Power Engineering

Enrico De Tuglie

Polytechnic University of Bari

Electrical Engineering

0948-7921 (ISSN)

Vol. 103 4 1989-2007

Subject Categories

Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified

Communication Systems

Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering



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