Structural Battery Composites: A Review, Functional Composites and Structures
Review article, 2019

This paper presents a comprehensive review of the state-of-the-art in structural battery composites research. Structural battery composites are a class of structural power composites aimed to provide mass-less energy storage for electrically powered structural systems. Structural battery composites are made from carbon fibres in a structural electrolyte matrix material. Neat carbon fibres are used as a structural negative electrode, exploiting their high mechanical properties, excellent lithium insertion capacity and high electrical conductivity. Lithium iron phosphate coated carbon fibres are used as the structural positive electrode. Here, the lithium iron phosphate is the electrochemically active substance and the fibres carry mechanical loads and conduct electrons. The surrounding structural electrolyte is lithium ion conductive and transfers mechanical loads between fibres. With these constituents, structural battery half-cells and full-cells are realised with a variety in device architecture. The paper also presents an overview of material modelling and characterisation performed to date. Particular reference is given to work performed in national and European research projects under the leadership of the authors, who are able to provide a unique insight into this emerging and exciting field of research.

lithium ion

mechanical properties

carbon fibre

electrochemical performance


Leif Asp

Chalmers, Industrial and Materials Science, Material and Computational Mechanics

Mats Johansson

Royal Institute of Technology (KTH)

Göran Lindbergh

Royal Institute of Technology (KTH)

Johanna Xu

Chalmers, Industrial and Materials Science, Material and Computational Mechanics

Dan Zenkert

Royal Institute of Technology (KTH)

Functional Composites and Structures

26316331 (eISSN)

Vol. 1 042001

Damage Tolerance and Durability of Structural Power Composites

US Air Force Office of Strategic Research (AFOSR) (FA9550-17-1-0338), 2017-09-30 -- 2020-09-29.

Structural pOweR CompositEs foR futurE civil aiRcraft (SORCERER)

European Commission (EC) (EC/H2020/738085), 2017-02-01 -- 2020-02-28.

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Innovation and entrepreneurship

Areas of Advance



Materials Science


Facility for Computational Systems Biology

Chalmers Materials Analysis Laboratory

Subject Categories

Textile, Rubber and Polymeric Materials

Other Chemical Engineering

Composite Science and Engineering



More information

Latest update