Hybrid Combining of Directional Antennas for Periodic Broadcast V2V Communication
Journal article, 2020

A hybrid analog-digital combiner for broadcast vehicular communication is proposed. It has an analog part that does not require any channel state information or feedback from the receiver, and a digital part that uses maximal ratio combining (MRC). We focus on designing the analog part of the combiner to optimize the received signal strength along all azimuth angles for robust periodic vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communication, in a scenario of one dominant component between the communicating vehicles (e.g., highway scenario). We show that the parameters of a previously suggested fully analog combiner solves the optimization problem of the analog part of the proposed hybrid combiner. Assuming L directional antennas with uniform angular separation together with the special case of a two-port receiver, we show that it is optimal to combine groups of ⌈L/2⌉ and ⌊L/2⌋ antennas in analog domain and feed the output of each group to one digital port. This is shown to be optimal under a sufficient condition on the sidelobes level of the directional antennas. Moreover, we derive a performance bound for the hybrid combiner to guide the choice of antennas needed to meet the reliability requirements of the V2V communication links.

directional antennas

Broadcast V2V communication

hybrid combining

periodic communication


Chouaib Bencheikh Lehocine

Chalmers, Electrical Engineering, Communication and Antenna Systems, Communication Systems

Erik Ström

Chalmers, Electrical Engineering, Communication and Antenna Systems

Fredrik Brännström

Chalmers, Electrical Engineering, Communication and Antenna Systems, Communication Systems

IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems

1524-9050 (ISSN)

Areas of Advance

Information and Communication Technology

Subject Categories


Communication Systems

Signal Processing



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