Literature review: Evidence-based health outcomes and perceptions of the built environment in pediatric hospital facilities
Review article, 2021

Problem: The current knowledge of evidence-based design for adults is not always implemented when hospital buildings are designed. Scientific data are sparse on the effects of hospital design in pediatric settings on health outcomes in children, parents, and staff. The objective of this review is to determine the evidence-based impact of the built environment in pediatric hospital facilities on health outcomes in children, parents, and staff. Eligibility criteria: A systematic literature review was carried out on the electronic databases Cochrane Library, Embase, Medline and CINAHL from the period of 2008 to 2019. The review considered studies using either quantitative, qualitative, or mixed methodologies. Sample: Out of 1414 reviewed articles the result is based on eight included articles. Results: Two of these eight articles included health outcomes. The other six articles presented results on measures of perceptions and/or satisfaction for children, parents or staff with the built environment when transitioning to a new or renovated facility. These were generally higher for the new compared to the old facility. Conclusions: Given the small number of studies addressing the question posed in this review, no firm conclusions can be drawn. Implications: The review illustrates the need for more research in the pediatric setting assessing the evidence-based health outcomes of aspects of physical environmental design in pediatric hospitals or units in children, parents and staff.

Evidence-based health outcomes

Evidence-based design

Built environment

Review

Pediatric hospital

Author

Emelie Pauli Bock

Sahlgrenska University Hospital

Stefan Nilsson

University of Gothenburg

Per Anders Jansson

Wallenberg Lab.

Helle Wijk

Chalmers, Architecture and Civil Engineering, Building Design

University of Gothenburg

Sahlgrenska University Hospital

Eirini Alexiou

Sahlgrenska University Hospital

University of Gothenburg

Göran Lindahl

Chalmers, Architecture and Civil Engineering, Building Design

Malin Berghammer

University West

Sahlgrenska University Hospital

Alessio Degl'Innocenti

Sahlgrenska University Hospital

University of Gothenburg

Journal of Pediatric Nursing

0882-5963 (ISSN) 1532-8449 (eISSN)

Vol. In Press

Subject Categories

Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy

Other Medical Sciences not elsewhere specified

Other Health Sciences

DOI

10.1016/j.pedn.2021.04.013

More information

Latest update

6/21/2021