A Fully integrated D-band Direct-Conversion I/Q Transmitter and Receiver Chipset in SiGe BiCMOS Technology
Journal article, 2021

This paper presents design and characterization of single-chip 110-170 GHz (D-band) direct conversion in-phase/quadrature-phase (I/Q) transmitter and receiver monolithic microwave integrated circuits (MMICs), realized in a 130 nm SiGe BiCMOS process with ft/fmax of 250 GHz/370 GHz. The chipset is suitable for low power wideband communication and can be used in both homodyne and heterodyne architectures. The Transmitter chip consists of a six-stage power amplifier, an I/Q modulator, and a LO multiplier chain. The LO multiplier chain consists of frequency sixtupler followed by a two-stage amplifier. It exhibits a single sideband conversion gain of 23 dB and saturated output power of 0 dBm. The 3 dB RF bandwidth is 31 GHz from 114 to 145 GHz. The receiver includes a low noise amplifier, I/Q demodulator and x6 multiplier chain at the LO port. The receiver provides a conversion gain of 27 dB and has a noise figure of 10 dB. It has 3 dB RF bandwidth of 28 GHz from 112-140 GHz. The transmitter and receiver have dc power consumption of 240 mW and 280 mW, respectively. The chip area of each transmitter and receiver circuit is 1.4 mm x 1.1 mm.


direct conversion

power amplifier



I/Q transceiver

wireless communication



millimeter wave integrated circuits


low noise amplifier


Sona Carpenter

Sivers Semiconductors AB

Herbert Zirath

Chalmers, Microtechnology and Nanoscience (MC2), Microwave Electronics

Zhongxia Simon He

Chalmers, Microtechnology and Nanoscience (MC2), Microwave Electronics

Mingquan Bao


Journal of Communications and Networks

1229-2370 (ISSN) 19765541 (eISSN)

Vol. 23 2 73-82

Subject Categories


Signal Processing

Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering



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