Plasma-Induced Heating Effects on Platinum Nanoparticle Size during Sputter Deposition Synthesis in Polymer and Ionic Liquid Substrates
Journal article, 2021

Nanoparticle catalyst materials are becoming ever more important in a sustainable future. Specifically, platinum (Pt) nanoparticles have relevance in catalysis, in particular, fuel cell technologies. Sputter deposition into liquid substrates has been shown to produce nanoparticles without the presence of air and other contaminants and the need for precursors. Here, we produce Pt nanoparticles in three imidazolium-based ionic liquids and PEG 600. All Pt nanoparticles are crystalline and around 2 nm in diameter. We show that while temperature has an effect on particle size for Pt, it is not as great as for other materials. Sputtering power, time, and postheat treatment all show slight influence on the particle size, indicating the importance of temperature during sputtering. The temperature of the liquid substrate is measured and reaches over 150 °C during deposition which is found to increase the particle size by less than 20%, which is small compared to the effect of temperature on Au nanoparticles presented in the literature. High temperatures during Pt sputtering are beneficial for increasing Pt nanoparticle size beyond 2 nm. Better temperature control would allow for more control over the particle size in the future.


Rosemary Brown

Chalmers, Physics, Chemical Physics

Björn Lönn

Chalmers, Physics, Chemical Physics

Robin Pfeiffer

Student at Chalmers

Henrik Frederiksen

Chalmers, Microtechnology and Nanoscience (MC2), Nanofabrication Laboratory

Björn Wickman

Chalmers, Physics, Chemical Physics


07437463 (ISSN) 15205827 (eISSN)

Vol. 37 29 8821-8828

Subject Categories

Other Chemical Engineering

Other Chemistry Topics

Other Materials Engineering





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