Masculinisation and Isolation of the Swedish Anti-Nuclear Movement After 1980: A Call for Environmentalists to Learn from the Past
Book chapter, 2021

Wågström shows how ecomodern masculinisation has transformed and dissipated the Swedish anti-nuclear movement since the rise of neoliberalism in the 1980s. Changes entail an exclusion of traits and knowledges that are considered feminine (in Global Northern ideologies based on gender dualisms), including moral and ethical considerations. Drawing on similarities between this movement and recent endeavours for climate justice—both being led by girls and women, both having justice as core concerns—Wågström encourages climate activists to contemplate the decline of the anti-nuclear movement in order to avoid a similar destiny. If the climate justice movement is to stand a chance against neoliberal assimilation and destructive masculinisation, it must continue to see the freedom of all as a part of its own struggle. It must continue to criticise reforms not only intended to combat environmental problems, but that can also be blind to social injustices. In times of neoliberal hegemony, this is not the easiest task.


Anti-nuclear movement

Global Northern environmentalism


Ecological modernisation


Environmental movement

Climate justice



Social movements



Angelica Wågström

Chalmers, Technology Management and Economics, Science, Technology and Society

Palgrave Studies in the History of Science and Technology


Subject Categories

Social Anthropology

Media Studies

Climate Research



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