The N-shaped environmental Kuznets curve: An empirical evaluation using a panel quantile regression approach.
Journal article, 2018

We evaluate the N-shaped environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) using panel quantile regression analysis. We investigate the
relationship between CO2 emissions and GDP per capita for 74 countries over the period of 1994–2012. We include additional
explanatory variables, such as renewable energy consumption, technological development, trade, and institutional quality. We
find evidence for the N-shaped EKC in all income groups, except for the upper-middle-income countries. Heterogeneous
characteristics are, however, observed over the N-shaped EKC. Finally, we find a negative relationship between renewable
energy consumption and CO2 emissions, which highlights the importance of promoting greener energy in order to combat global
warming.

CO2 emissions

Institutions

Renewable energy

Trade

Quantile regressions

Author

Alexandra Allard

Örebro University

Johanna Takman

Chalmers, Architecture and Civil Engineering, GeoEngineering

Gazi Salah Uddin

Linköping University

Ali Ahmed

Linköping University

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

0944-1344 (ISSN)

Vol. 25 5848-5861

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Subject Categories

Economics

Environmental Sciences

DOI

10.1007/s11356-017-0907-0

More information

Created

9/10/2021