Multiphysics simulation optimization framework for lithium-ion battery pack design for electric vehicle applications
Journal article, 2022

Large-scale commercialization of electric vehicles (EVs) seeks to develop battery systems with higher energy efficiency and improved thermal performance. Integrating simulation-based design optimization in battery development process expands the possibilities for novel design exploration. This study presents a dual-stage multiphysics simulation optimization methodology for comprehensive concept design of Lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery packs for EV applications. At the first stage, multi-objective optimization of electrochemical thermally coupled cells is performed using genetic algorithm considering the specific energy and the maximum temperature of the cells as design objectives. At the second stage, the energy efficiency and the thermal performances of each optimally designed cell are evaluated under pack operation to account for cell-to-pack interactions under realistic working scenarios. When operating at 1.5 C discharge current, the battery pack comprising optimally designed cells for which the specific energy and the maximum temperature are equally weighted delivers the highest specific energy with enhanced thermal performance. The most favorable pack design shows 8% reduction in maximum pack temperature and 16.1% reduction in module-to-module temperature variations compared to commercially available pack. The methodology for design optimization presented in this work is generic, providing valuable knowledge for future cell and pack designs that employ different chemistries and configurations.

Lithium-ion battery

Electric vehicle

Multi-objective optimization

Battery pack

Multiphysics simulation

Author

Majid Astaneh

Chalmers, Mechanics and Maritime Sciences, Vehicle Engineering and Autonomous Systems

Jelena Andric

Chalmers, Mechanics and Maritime Sciences, Vehicle Engineering and Autonomous Systems

Lennart Löfdahl

Chalmers, Mechanics and Maritime Sciences, Vehicle Engineering and Autonomous Systems

Peter Stopp

Gamma Technologies

Energy

0360-5442 (ISSN)

Vol. 239 122092

Interaction between micro and macro processes in battery-powered vehicles

Swedish Energy Agency (47906-1), 2019-04-10 -- 2021-04-15.

Subject Categories

Aerospace Engineering

Energy Engineering

Energy Systems

DOI

10.1016/j.energy.2021.122092

More information

Latest update

11/11/2021