Application of a Rate Dependent Model on a UD NCF Carbon/Epoxy Composite
Paper in proceeding, 2021

To support the modelling of composites under rapid transient loading, e.g. impact, crash, and vibrations, a computational multiscale constitutive model has been developed for the progressive failure of unidirectional carbon fibre composites. The model is computationally efficient and captures anticipated failure modes to an acceptable accuracy. Computational homogenization and micromechanics are utilized in the modelling at the ply scale. A major focus is to predict the strain rate dependent nonlinear constitutive behaviour of unidirectional composite plies. The fibres are assumed transversely isotropic, whereas the polymer is viscoelastic–viscoplastic, including a pressure-dependent strength. Degradation of the polymer matrix is described by a recently developed continuum damage mechanics approach. The model has been successfully implemented as a VUMAT subroutine in Abaqus/Explicit. Figure 1 shows FE simulation of strain localization as compared to experimental results of IM7/8552 in dynamic off-axis compression. Reasonable correlation was found between the measured and numerically predicted results.

In the present paper the model is applied to simulate quasi-static and dynamic off-axis tension and compression experiments on composite coupons studied in two of our collaborative projects. The composite is a unidirectional (UD) carbon fibre non-crimp fabric (NCF) uniweave impregnated with LY556 epoxy, manufactured by Resin Transfer Moulding (RTM). The tests have been performed using a high-speed hydraulic test machine and a Split Hopkinson Bar (SHB) setup, involving strain rates of up to about 140 /s in tension and 1100 /s in compression.

Strain rate effects

Unidirectional NCF

Constitutive model


Vivekendra Singh

Chalmers, Industrial and Materials Science, Material and Computational Mechanics

RISE Research Institutes of Sweden

Ragnar Larsson

Chalmers, Industrial and Materials Science, Material and Computational Mechanics

Robin Olsson

RISE Research Institutes of Sweden

Chalmers, Industrial and Materials Science, Material and Computational Mechanics

Erik Marklund

RISE Research Institutes of Sweden


8th ECCOMAS Thematic Conference on the Mechanical Response of Composites
Göteborg, Sweden,

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Subject Categories

Applied Mechanics

Other Materials Engineering

Composite Science and Engineering


Basic sciences


C3SE (Chalmers Centre for Computational Science and Engineering)

Areas of Advance

Materials Science



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Latest update

2/2/2022 1