A novel method for objective in-situ measurement of audibility in bone conduction hearing devices–a pilot study using a skin drive BCD
Journal article, 2023

Objective: Objective measurement of audibility (verification) using bone conduction devices (BCDs) has long remained an elusive problem for BCDs. For air conduction hearing aids there are well-defined and often used objective methods, and the aim of this study is to develop an objective method for BCDs. Design: In a novel setup for audibility measurements of bone-anchored hearing aid (BAHA) attached via a soft band, we used a skin microphone (SM) on the forehead measuring in-situ sound field thresholds, maximum power output (MPO) and international speech test signal (ISTS) responses. Study sample: Five normal-hearing persons. Result: Using the electrical output of SM it was possible to objectively measure the audibility of a skin drive BCD, presented as an eSPL-o-gram showing thresholds, MPO and ISTS response. Normalised eSPL-o-gram was verified against corresponding FL-o-grams (corresponding force levels from skull simulator and artificial mastoid (AM)). Conclusion: The proposed method with the SM can be used for objective measurements of the audibility of any BCDs based on thresholds, MPO and speech response allowing for direct comparisons of hearing and BCD output on the same graph using an eSPL-o-gram. After normalisation to hearing thresholds, the audibility can be assessed without the need for complicated calibration procedures.


bone conduction devices

Objective measurements

hearing rehabilitation


Ann Charlotte Persson

Region Västra Götaland

University of Gothenburg

Bo Håkansson

Chalmers, Electrical Engineering, Signal Processing and Biomedical Engineering

Moksha Caveramma Mechanda

Student at Chalmers

William Bill Hodgetts

University of Alberta

Karl-Johan Fredén Jansson

Chalmers, Electrical Engineering, Signal Processing and Biomedical Engineering

Måns Eeg-Olofsson

University of Gothenburg

Sahlgrenska University Hospital

Sabine Reinfeldt

Chalmers, Electrical Engineering, Signal Processing and Biomedical Engineering

International Journal of Audiology

1499-2027 (ISSN) 1708-8186 (eISSN)

Vol. 62 4 357-361

Subject Categories

Other Medical Engineering


Medical Equipment Engineering





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