A 3D printed photoreactor for investigating variable reaction geometry, wavelength, and fluid flow
Journal article, 2022

Research in the field of photochemistry, including photocatalysis and photoelectrocatalysis, has been revitalized due to the potential that photochemical reactions show in the sustainable production of chemicals. Therefore, there is a need for flexible photoreactor equipment that allows for the evaluation of the geometry, light wavelength, and intensity of the vessel, along with the fluid flow in various photochemical reactions. Light emitting diodes (LEDs) have narrow emission spectra and can be either pulsed or run continuously; being flexible, they can be arranged to fit the dimensions of various types of the reactor vessel, depending on the application. This study presents a 3D printed photoreactor with the ability to adjust distances easily and switch between high-power LED light sources. The reactor design utilizes customized printed circuit boards to mount varying numbers and types of LEDs, which enables multiple wavelengths to be used simultaneously. These LED modules, comprised of heat sinks and cooling fans, fulfill the higher heat dissipation requirements of high-power LEDs. The flexibility of the reactor design is useful for optimizing the reaction geometry, flow conditions, wavelength, and intensity of photochemical reactions on a small scale. The estimates for incident light intensity under five possible reactor configurations using ferrioxalate actinometry are reported so that comparisons with other photoreactors can be made. The performance of the photoreactor for differing vessel sizes and distances, in both the flow and batch modes, is given for a photochemical reaction on 2-benzyloxyphenol-a model substance for lignin and applicable in the production of biobased chemicals.


Alexander Michael Riddell

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Chemical Technology

Patric Kvist

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Chemical Technology

Diana Bernin

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Chemical Technology

Review of Scientific Instruments

00346748 (ISSN) 10897623 (eISSN)

Vol. 93 8 084103-

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Subject Categories

Energy Engineering

Chemical Process Engineering

Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics





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