A comprehensive optimal energy control in interconnected microgrids through multiport converter under N−1 criterion and demand response program
Journal article, 2022

Nowadays, the local distribution grids have been facing technical, economic, and regulatory challenges, because of the increased integration of renewable energy sources (RESs) and electrification of vehicles. The traditional solutions to the grid expansion, e.g., to build an additional power line, are utility-centered solutions, i.e., the distribution grid operators (DSOs) are the only party involved to tackle grid issues. The DSOs have to engage grid users with technology providers to develop innovative solutions that tackle one problem and overcome several cost-effectively. This paper presents a holistic solution to optimally control cross-sectoral energy flow between interconnected microgrids (MGs) consisting of different RESs, hydroelectric power plant (HPP) and wind turbines (WTs) to meet electric vehicles (EVs), residential, commercial and industrial demands with the main grid contribution. This issue will provide the advantages of community-based MGs for local energy trading which causes for an active and engaged system, however, an adequate control strategy for proper operation is required. The proposed solution is based on a new interconnection line between two MGs through a multiport converter (MPC) with the techno-economic consideration of newly installed components such as MPC, cables and the required battery energy storage system (BESS). The proposed case study is evaluated under three different conditions e.g., load increment, demand response (DR) and N-1 criterion in separate, interconnect and island modes. The CPLEX solver of GAMS software is employed to solve the mixed-integer linear programming model. The results show that the applied interconnection line for MGs compared to the separated operation mode can decrease the system's total costs, reduce the applied peak to the upstream grid, and enhance the system's reliability under different conditions. Furthermore, the applied solution provides the ability for MGs operation even in island mode under different conditions for a full day (24 h).

Energy control

Multiport converter

Hydroelectric power plant

Demand response

Wind turbine

Interconnected microgrids


Mostafa Kermani

Chalmers, Electrical Engineering, Electric Power Engineering

Peiyuan Chen

Chalmers, Electrical Engineering, Electric Power Engineering

Lisa Göransson

Chalmers, Space, Earth and Environment, Energy Technology

Massimo Bongiorno

Chalmers, Electrical Engineering, Electric Power Engineering

Renewable Energy

0960-1481 (ISSN)

Vol. 199 957-976

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Subject Categories

Energy Engineering

Energy Systems

Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering

Areas of Advance




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