Alkylresorcinols and Their Metabolites as Biomarkers for Whole grain Wheat and Rye
Book chapter, 2021

To overcome some of the obstacles of the traditional assessment methods, biochemical indicators or biomarkers may be used for intake estimation. Biomarkers can be classified into three categories: exposure, effect and susceptibility biomarkers. Exposure biomarkers include xenobiotics, their metabolites and endogenous surrogates that can be related to an exposure. Biomarkers in nutritional research can be used to reflect the exposure of a food, nutrient or a dietary pattern. The development of a general biomarker that can reflect intake of all varieties of whole grain (WG) products eaten worldwide is unlikely, due to the wide range of cereals that are consumed as WG. Alkylresorcinols are phenolic lipids abundant in the bran of wheat, rye, barley and triticale. The reproducibility is an important feature of a biomarker as it indicates how representative a single measurement is of the true biomarker status over a certain time period.


Matti Marklund

Tufts University

Izabela Biskup

Chalmers, Biology and Biological Engineering, Food and Nutrition Science

A. Kamal-Eldin

United Arab Emirates University

Rikard Landberg

Chalmers, Biology and Biological Engineering, Food and Nutrition Science

Whole Grains and Health: Second Edition

9781118939420 (ISBN)

Subject Categories

Food Science

Environmental Health and Occupational Health

Nutrition and Dietetics



More information

Latest update