Integration of CCS in Combined Heat and Power Plants in a City Energy System
Paper in proceeding, 2022

Carbon dioxide removal (CDR) is expected to play an important role in climate change mitigation. Bio-energy carbon capture and storage (BECCS) is a form of CDR discussed in the Swedish district heating sector where large-scale point sources of biogenic CO2 emissions are found. This work investigates the retrofit of CO2 capture processes to combined heat and power (CHP) plants in a city energy system context, to examine the impact on CHP plant energy output and city energy balances, and the cost-optimal way to integrate and operate the capture processes. An energy system optimization model is applied to a case study of the city Västerås, Sweden, with scenarios involving the retrofit to two existing CHP plants in the city of either a heat-driven (MEA) or electricity-driven (HPC) carbon capture process. The results show that it is possible to retrofit the CHP plants with either of these options without significantly impacting the district heating system operation or the marginal costs of electricity and district heating. The MEA process mainly causes a reduction in district heating output (up to 30% decrease on an annual basis), which can be partly offset with heat recovery from the capture unit, or increased utilization of the CHP plants (if possible). The electrified HPC process does not impact the CHP plant steam cycle, but implies increased import of electricity to the city (up to 44% increase) compared to a reference scenario.

District heating

Heat integration

Combined heat and power

City energy system

Carbon capture and storage


Johanna Beiron

Chalmers, Space, Earth and Environment, Energy Technology

Fredrik Normann

Chalmers, Space, Earth and Environment, Energy Technology

Filip Johnsson

Chalmers, Space, Earth and Environment, Energy Technology

Proceedings of the 16th Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies Conference (GHGT-16) 23-24 Oct 2022

16th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, GHGT-16
Lyon, France,

Subject Categories

Energy Engineering

Energy Systems

Areas of Advance




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