Dietary replacement of fishmeal with marine proteins recovered from shrimp and herring process waters promising in Atlantic salmon aquaculture
Journal article, 2023

There is a general agreement that fish meal (FM) and fish oil (FO) are valuable resources for aquafeed, but that the production cannot keep the same pace as the current growth of the aquaculture industry. Therefore, there is a need to find alternative sources for lipids and protein. This study examines the possibility of using proteins recovered from seafood industry side stream waters as a complement to FM in feed for Atlantic salmon. To recover the proteins, herring and shrimp process side streams waters were flocculated then treated with dissolved air flotation (DAF), which is considered a gentle technology. Shrimp steam water was used to obtain shrimp protein (SP) and herring salt brine to obtain herring protein (HP). The recovered semi-solid protein fraction was spray dried and formulated into experimental diets at inclusion levels of 1.9–10% (dw/dw). Two feeding trials were conducted to investigate; 1) the properties of different flocculants to recover SP from shrimp steam water, alginate (Alg; 1.9% inclusion), carrageenan (Carr; 2.0% inclusion) and a synthetic flocculant from Kemira (Kem; 3.8% inclusion). 2) total or partial replacement of FM with SP-Alg (10% and no FM) and HP-Alg (3% and 8% FM). For both feeding trials each diet was provided to triplicate tanks (n = 31 and 30/tank) of Atlantic salmon with a start weight of 193 g (duration 10 weeks) and 304 g (duration 7 weeks) respectively. All fish showed similar feed intake, feed conversion ratio (on tank basis) and weight gain. The inclusion of SP or HP as total or partial replacement of FM did neither influence adiposity of the fish, as measured by condition factor, nor heposomatic index (HSI). No negative effect of the alternative protein could be found through histological examination of the intestine. In feeding trial two, diets did not affect the adaptive immune indicators CD8α and MHC II. The SP-Alg diet did not affect intestinal barrier and transporting functions, assessed using Ussing-chamber technology. However, HP-Alg affected the trans-epithelial resistance, which indicate that the intestinal barrier function could be affected by low inclusions. We conclude that from a biological perspective, SP recovered from shrimp steaming waters using Alg and DAF technology represents a new marine biomass with potential as a replacement for FM in Atlantic salmon feed. To diversify the possibility of using flocculants to retrieve proteins we also suggest further investigation of the potential to use Carr in larger inclusions.

Side stream


Circular economy

Alternative feed


Ida Hedén

University of Gothenburg

Bita Forghani Targhi

Chalmers, Life Sciences, Food and Nutrition Science

Gunvor Baardsen

Skretting Aquaculture Research Centre (ARC)

Bjørge Westereng

Norwegian University of Life Sciences

Tore C. Svendsen

Elisabeth Jönsson

University of Gothenburg

Linda Hasselberg Frank

University of Gothenburg

Ingrid Undeland

Chalmers, Life Sciences, Food and Nutrition Science

Kristina Sundell

University of Gothenburg

Henrik Sundh

University of Gothenburg


0044-8486 (ISSN)

Vol. 574 739735

Subject Categories


Fish and Aquacultural Science



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