Shape/penetration analysis and comparisons of isolated spray plumes in a multi-hole Diesel spray
Journal article, 2024

Fuel injection systems signifcantly impact the combustion process and play a key role in reducing harmful exhaust emissions in internal combustion engines. For dual-fuel (DF) engines operating in gas mode, ignition of the main fuel is typically controlled by directly injected liquid pilot fuel. Liquid pilot fuel’s initial penetration and total mass considerably impact exhaust emissions and combustion stability. We investigated the spray morphology of a multi-hole diesel fuel injector within a constant-volume spray chamber using high-speed shadowgraphy and Mie-scattering measurements. Two methodologies were employed. The frst one utilized a nozzle equipped with a thimble structure to isolate a single plume. The second methodology known as plume-blocking, involved sealing the orifces of the multi-hole nozzle to generate a single-spray plume. Our fndings revealed that the plume-blocking approach demonstrated greater penetration than the thimble-equipped nozzle. The rapid penetration of this method may restrict its applicability to single-spray studies. Sprays generated from this partially sealed nozzle exhibited noticeable disparities compared to an unblocked nozzle, whereas a nozzle equipped with
a thimble produced similar outcomes to the standard nozzle. The orifces when sealed, modify the fow distribution within the sac volume, which consequently afects the spray characteristics. In summary, this research provides insights into the impacts of various plume isolation methods on spray morphology, thereby enhancing the understanding of spray behaviour in transient conditions by comparing plume variations and disturbances under various fuel pressure and ambient conditions.


Lokesh Mopuri

Chalmers, Mechanics and Maritime Sciences (M2), Energy Conversion and Propulsion Systems

Viljam Grahn

Wärtsilä Finland

David Sedarsky

Chalmers, Mechanics and Maritime Sciences (M2), Energy Conversion and Propulsion Systems

Jari Hyvönen

Wärtsilä Finland

Experiments in Fluids

0723-4864 (ISSN) 1432-1114 (eISSN)

Vol. 65

Subject Categories

Energy Engineering

Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics



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6/2/2024 6