Antioxidative Properties of Press Juice From Herring (Clupea harengus) Against Hemoglobin (Hb) Mediated Oxidation of Washed Cod Mince
Journal article, 2007

The antioxidative effect of herring (Clupea harengus) light muscle press juice (PJ) against hemoglobin- (Hb-) mediated oxidation of washed cod mince during ice storage was tested. The PJ was fractionated into low-molecular-weight (LMM; <1 kDa) and high-molecular-weight (HMW; >1, >3.5, and > 50 kDa) fractions; it was preheated (10 min, 100 °C) and tested with or without removing heat coagulated proteins. Its antioxidative effect was compared with that given by endogenous levels of two tentative antioxidant candidates: ascorbic acid and uric acid. Oxidation was followed by determining rancid odor, peroxide value, and redness. Whole herring PJ and the LMW-PJ fraction significantly (p < 0.001) extended the oxidation lag phase of controls, from 2 up to 8 and 7 days, respectively. The HWM-PJ fractions were significantly (p < 0.05) less efficient than the whole and LMW-PJ samples, giving only 3.5–4.5 days of lag phase. Heat-treated PJ, with and without the heat-coagulated proteins, gave 7 and 5 days of oxidation lag phase, respectively. Heating different batches of the LMW-PJ fraction grouped the results into two categories: one where heating almost fully destroyed the antioxidative activity (fractions prepared from spring-caught herring) and another where heating had no or a minor effect (fractions prepared from fall-caught herring). The spring LMW-PJ had low ascorbic acid levels (18-42.6 μM), and 50-100% were destroyed by the heating. In fall LMW-PJ, the levels were 76.2-137.6 μM, and only 43-51% were destroyed. Ascorbic acid fortification of heated spring LMW-PJ to reach the levels found in the corresponding unheated spring LMW-PJ sample and the heated fall LMW-PJ gave back most of the antioxidative activity, which proved an important role of ascorbic acid for the antioxidative activity of LMW-herring PJ. This conclusion is drawn despite the fact that pure solutions with endogenous levels of ascorbic acid (giving 8.4–19.6 μM in final model) only very slightly delayed Hb-mediated oxidation of the washed cod mince.

press juice

ascorbic acid


Herring (Clupea harengus)

lipid oxidation


washed cod mince


Thippeswamy Sannaveerappa

Chalmers, Chemical and Biological Engineering, Life Sciences

Nils-Gunnar Carlsson

Chalmers, Chemical and Biological Engineering, Life Sciences

Ann-Sofie Sandberg

Chalmers, Chemical and Biological Engineering, Life Sciences

Ingrid Undeland

Chalmers, Chemical and Biological Engineering, Life Sciences

Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry

Vol. 55 23 9581-9591

Subject Categories

Food Science

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