Development of the unloading stiffness during cyclic plastic deformation of a high-strength aluminium alloy in different tempers
Journal article, 2007
The development of stiffness during unloading from peak stress during cyclic plastic deformation (low cycle fatigue) was studied in a high-strength Al-5.4Zn-1.2Mg alloy, both in naturally aged and peak aged conditions. A phenomenological model based on a 2nd order stress–strain relationship was developed using data from detailed recordings of the stress-strain hysteresis loops. Three stages of the parameter values were identified: an initial transition part of the fatigue life time, a major stationary stage shifting over to the final stage where failure modes become prominent. The nonlinear stiffness was found to be asymmetric with respect to tension and compression. Further, the naturally aged material generally shows larger stiffness for both positive and negative stresses than does the peak aged material. Finally, the stiffness for the naturally aged condition exhibits larger scatter compared to the peak aged materials, interpreted as inferior averaging in the dislocation structures.